Euro-Mediterranean Information System on know-how in the Water sector
International portal

Project Sustainable management of scarce resources in the coastal zone

- The coastal zones of the Mediteranean are undergoing rapid development with growing and conflicting demands on the natural resources and at the same time subject to often irreversible degradation of these resources and thus the very basis for development.

- Water resources and the related land use issues are a key element for the sustainable development of coastal regions.

- They illustrate the dependency of the usually dynamic and fast growing coastal areas on their resource catchment. This project will explore methods and tools for long-term policy analysis and strategic decision support for integrated coastal development with special emphasis on water resources and land use and the resource balance between the coastal region and inland areas.

Project number ICA3-CT-2002-10006
Subject(s) AGRICULTURE , no translation available , no translation available
Acronym SMART
Geographical coverage Austria, Australia, Egypt, France, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Portugal, Turkey, Tunisia
Budget (in €) 1104619
Programme INCO MED (FP5)
Web site
Objectives - SMART addresses a number of specific scientific objectives:

    * To build, and test in a number of parallel comparative case studies, and consistent and well integrated set of tools for the design, analysis, and effective communication of policies for integrated coastal zone management.
     * To develop a generic approach to combine engineering analysis with socio-economic considerations in a unifying and consistent multiple-criteria framework.

      * To link, through expert systems technology, quantitative simulation models water resources and hydrological models with policy oriented qualitative assessment.

      * To integrate expert systems technology with complex simulation models to improve their applicability in data poor and data constrained application situations.

     *  To develop appropriate tools and methods for the communication of complex technical information to a broad range of participants and stake holders in the policy making process, primarily based on Internet technology.

      * To develop formal methods of rule-based aggregation and disaggregation of data and information to span the entire range from data to indicators or criteria, and issues.
Results - The overall objective of the SMART project was to develop, implement and test a new, participatory but scientifically sound and rational approach to planning and management of the coastal zone that can help to reconcile conflicting demands on scarce water. In essence, the project is concerned with testing a strategy for solving water demand conflicts.

-  The development of this approach begins with the integration of three primary components, a socio-economic framework, and two quantitative analysis tools: WaterWare and TELEMAC. The resulting methodology was used to simulate scenarios for the assessment of water supply and water demand with reference to Integrated Coastal Zone Management methods.

- Together, these models have aimed to integrate environmental impacts, costs, access, and equity, in a systemic way. Their outputs will be assessed by a rule-based expert system and used to formulate recommendations for conflict resolution that favor sustainability over time. Participation of selected stakeholders from water management institutions was used in testing the approach and in identifying best water management practice.

- This ‘SMART’ methodology was applied to five case studies in the Mediterranean coastal zone in the countries of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt and Tunisia.
- This requirements and constraints report presents a comprehensive list of issues, that are to be developed through the socio-economic analysis in WP02, provide the conceptual framework for the case studies and the scenarios explored in WP05 to 09, and applied in the comparative assessment in WP10. It lists the data requirements for the methods proposed in WP03, analyses what is known about local data availability, describes the resulting constraints and suggests alternative approaches where necessary.

- Sustainability is an umbrella concept that is explored in the SMART project by calculating a daily water budget for a given area and studying water supply and water demand over time and space, from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Within this context, key water issues for each case study have been complemented with key issues of change that are likely to have an impact on the water system in the future.
Period [01/09/2002 - 31/08/2005]


  • Environmental Software & Services GmbH – ESS
    Coordinator acts as project coordinator
    Country Austria
    Contact Mr. Fedra Kurt,
    Position: Scientific Leaders
    Phone/fax: +43 2252 63305, +43 2252 633059
    Centre for Environment & Development for Arab Region and Europe
    Country Egypt
    Web site
    Contact Mr. Ahmed Abdel-Rehim,
    Phone/fax: +202 451 3921, +202 451 3918
  • Dokuz Eylul University
    - Water Ressources Research And Application Center (sumer)
    Country Turkey
    Contact Mr. Okan Fistikoglu,
    Phone/fax: ++90 232 453 1008/1016, ++90 232 4531191
  • National Council for Scientific Research
    National Centre For Remote Sensing
    Country Lebanon
    Contact Mr Mohamad Khawlie,
    Phone/fax: ++961 4 409 845, ++961 4 409 847
  • Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jordan
    Country Jordan
    Contact Mr. Muhammad Shatanawi,
    Phone/fax: ++962 6 535 5000, ++962 6 535 5577
  • Centre National de Teledetection
    Country Tunisia
    Contact Mr. Neji Feki,
    Phone/fax: ++216 71761 333, ++216 71760 890


  • Participatory Approach in Decision Making Processes for Water Resources Management in the Mediterranean Basin
    This paper deals with the comparative analysis of different policy options for water resources management in three south-eastern Mediterranean countries. The applied methodology follows a participatory approach throughout its implementation and is supported by the use of three different software packages dealing with water allocation budget, water quality simulation, and Multi Criteria
    Analysis, respectively. The paper briefly describes the general objectives of the SMART project and then presents the three local case studies, the valuation objectives and the applied methodology - developed as a general replicable framework suitable for implementation in other decision-making processes.

    (August 2006)
    Publisher Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Corso Magenta, 63, 20123 Milano
    Type of document Report
    Rights Public
    File link
    ../PDF/SMART2006 (copy)
    Source of information The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei Note di Lavoro Series Index
    Keyword(s) EU-INCO-MED, SMART
    Geographical coverage Austria, Australia, Egypt, France, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Portugal, Turkey, Tunisia